Eames Catalog

        

LCW 1946

1946
Evans Molded Plywood
Plywood
25 1/2 inches high

LCW

Brazilian rosewood and stained Calico Ash seat.

This is one of the earliest LCWs produced.  The back is secured by two individual round shock mounts, with external metal washers.

These are the same type of shockmounts that were used on the backs of early DCMs.

Proposed date of production for this is fall 1946.  It has the same features (two round shock mounts, external metal washers) as the dated, provenanced example (also Brazilian rosewood) sold in Christie's 1997 "Chair" auction, which came from the collection of the head of the UCLA School of Architecture, who bought his directly from Charles Eames in 1946.

From Christie's:  "The unusual dimensions of this chair, particularly the low seat height, the composition and thickness of the plywood elements, the deep contours of the moulded seat and the exceptionally rare duel circular shock mount assembly on the chair's back, all serve to date this example to early-mid 1946 - a time of intense activity in the development of the plywood chairs. In late 1945, the Detroit-based Evans Products Company took the decision to begin marketing the Eames's designs. Manufacture of display models for showrooms began at Evans' Venice California subsidiary (Moulded Plywood Division) in early 1946 while production processes were still being refined. Fine-tuning the design of the chairs for mass-production proved difficult; from the outset, one of the greatest problems was perfecting the method by which the wooden chair backs were joined to the spine. Flexible rubber discs (shock mounts) were used to provide resiliency but attaching them to the wooden chair parts posed many technical problems. Different kinds of glues and other methods were tried and discarded, including electronic cycle-welding a lozenge shaped rubber shock mount to the wooden back and spine. The glued, duel disc and screw attachment assembly, as used on the present chair, was an early attempt at solving the connection problem but was abandoned" when Charles and Ray Eames developed their own shock mounts, with integral metal parts. In "Additional Notes and Images" below you can see the example sold by Christie's, along with a Charles Eames photograph showing the component parts of this model.

Image: 1/6
image copyright / eames office
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ADDITIONAL NOTES AND IMAGES

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